Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association
Our plastic challenge
In recent years, Mozambique approved legislation supporting the regulation of waste management and plastic bag control, outlawing certain types of plastic bags and obliging supermarkets and stores to charge for bags rather than giving them away for free. However, there are still free bags being distributed, mainly in the informal market.
Mozambique has extensive legislation regarding environmental pollution. However, these laws and policies don’t address specific issues regarding marine litter management. Marine litter is managed as solid waste, which is managed by municipalities, and their concern is only urban areas. Even in the urban areas, there are not enough waste bins available, nor recycling systems or infrastructure that allows separate different waste categories.
The commercial shipping along the coast, the main cities located along the coast and the existence of regional rivers ending on the coast can make it difficult to track the source of marine litter. At present, few monitoring programs are taking place in Maputo and Pemba cities, leaving the other longest part of the coast without any information.
The commercial and artisanal fishing industry also contribute to marine litter, mainly by lost and discarded fishing gear. Unfortunately, as of yet there is no information about the quantities and location of the gear.
Nowadays, National Institute of Fisheries Research (IIP), Lurio University and other stakeholders like ‘Let’s Do It,’ are organising beach clean-ups and civic education campaigns in schools and companies to raise awareness about the problems and impacts that come from the presence of plastic pollution. However, as far as the scientific research related to plastic pollution is concerned, very few studies have been carried out in Mozambique and published.
Our team is located in Northern (Pemba Cabo Delgado) and Southern (Maputo) Mozambique
Lecture at Lúrio University Faculty of Natural Sciences and Director of Post-Graduation, Research and Extension. She has Master degree in Natural Resources Management for Tropical Rural Development. She is a lecture of Animal Physiology and community development. She is Marine Biologist, she conducts research on Marine Turtles and Marine Mammals in Northern Mozambique and since 2018 she is involved in activities of litter collection at beaches in Pemba city and Vamizi Island. Currently she is principal investigator of the project “Awareness and Monitoring of Marine litter” in Mozambique.
Lecture at Lúrio University Faculty of Natural Sciences and Director of research and environmental conservation centre. She is a PHD in Fishers community; she is a lecture of marine ecology and zoology of invertebrates. She conducts research in coral reefs, sharks and marine turtles.
Researcher at the Fisheries Research Institute. Master in Marine and Coastal Zone Science. He conducts research in the field of marine pollution, oceanography, climate change and GIS.
Researcher at National Institute of Fisheries Research, MSc in Marine Biology and Fisheries Management. Has conducted research on bivalves but currently develops activities in the Aquatic Environment Department related to marine pollution, but specifically marine litter.
Research assistant of the National Institute of Fisheries Research in the Department of Aquatic Environment. Participated in about 9 research cruises along the Mozambique channel